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Agriculture & Forms
Although Burkina Faso is not self sufficient in food, agriculture in Burkina Faso has tremendous potential. It employs a vast majority of the work force and accounted for 31 percent of the Gross Domestic Product in 2004. Close to 80 percent of the population is engaged in farming and raising livestock. However, only an estimated 13 percent of the total land area is under annual or perennial crops. Government attempts to modernize agriculture have met with some success, especially with cotton, whose export accounted for 51 percent of total exports in 2004.
In 2004, about 85 percent of the 210,000 tons of cotton produced was exported. Although total cereal production rose from 1,547,000 tons in 1990 to 3,063,000tons in 2004, imports are needed to meet demand. The principle subsistence crops in 2004 were sorghum, millet, corn and rice. Commercial crops included cottonseed, groundnuts, cotton fiber and sesame. Sugar cane has been introduced on a large scale and is fast becoming an important cash crop. Other than cotton, Burkina Faso also exports cashew and is a considerable producer of karite seeds which are the source of shea butter.

In 1993 President Blaise Compaoré initiated a meeting with the producers of the rural world and thus on that day the National Day of the Farmer was born.

These days the need for agricultural mechanization imposes its urgency. This is the reason why this issue was brought into focus on the occasion of the 12th National Day of Farmers with the presentation of tractors and electric pumps under the agricultural mechanization project and support for the hydraulic sector. This project is a result of the cooperation between Burkina Faso and the Republic of India through the Team 9 programme. Financed to the tune of 17 billion F CFA, this is within the framework of the Strategy of Rural Development (SDR).

As the Head of State himself said in his political programme; “The action of the state must allow the farmers to master the modern techniques of farming and breeding. Access to inputs and equipments to be adapted to technology will be granted to allow farmers to widen their contribution towards development”.

Burkina Faso has made an important reduction on the transfer price of agricultural machinery and equipments to facilitate their acquisition. They are sold to anyone who has a project and fulfills the conditions of the specifications.

The Head of State, conscious of the role of the agricultural sector in the economic development of the country, is putting in all efforts to find financiers for:
  • The construction of dams;
  • Promote rural electrification;
  • Increase the area of irrigated land for the production of crops;
  • Make an agro industrial zone.


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